Agricultural drainage maintains or improves crop yields of agricultural surfaces. It allows mechanised agriculture and improves the profitability of agricultural businesses.
DefinitionThe word drainage derives from the English language an generally means "draining, conducting water away or outflow".
Apart from the parallel use of the term in medicine, drainage is defined as the production of artificial underground water lines - pipe drainage or open-ditch drainage, in order to remove excess water from the area.
The goal of drainage is to improve the sub-surface water management of a certain location. Drainage is in particular used in agriculture, but also helps to protect urban, industrial, recreational, sports and traffic facilities and buildings. It also creates living environments. Drainage does not only increase profitability but also eliminates difficulties, conserves soil and allows mechanised agriculture which is indispensable today.
Soil is a non-renewable resource. The rapid increase in human world population, on the other hand, increases the demand for food produced on this soil.
A system for agricultural drainage consists of suction pipes and a collector pipe. Water percolates through the percolation openings in the pipe wall into the suction pipe. The pipes literally suck the water out of the soil. The water then flows down the slope to the collector. The collector releases the collected water into a water body or receiving waters.