Even the ancient Babyloniens already knew about drainage. Since then, the art of drainage and improving sub-surface water management has been continuously developed. A slow process, which, however, saw a revolution in the 1960s.
Drainage dates back to ancient times. Even back then land use intensification was an advantage. As early as 2000 BC, the first clay pipes, the forerunner of today's drainage pipes, appear in Babylonia. In the Middle Ages, the art of drainage was temporarily forgotten. Modern times drainage systems made of wood, fascines and gravel came into existence again in England around 1650, in Scotland and Germany they were also made of roofing tiles. Literature on the drainage of swamplands was published in Scotland in 1755. The method of drainage has remained relatively unchanged over the years.
Open ditches and underground channels were built. In the 18th century, open-ditch drainage systems were predominantly replaced by pipe drainage systems.
The invention of the clay pipes press in England around 1840 boosted drainage in Europe. The following period of mechanically manufactured drainage pipes made of baked clay led to a further development of drainage through agricultural field tests. The first machines for installing drainage pipes were developed around 1940. Initially, the focus was on mechanical excavation. Trench beds were created and backfilling was initially made by hand. After 1950, machines were increasingly used to install drainage pipes. In the late 1950s, perforated plastic pipes, initially with smooth walls, that were lighter and more durable and which could be installed more quickly, were increasingly used.
The 1960s – an idea is born
The 1960s marked the origin of FF-Drän in Germany, an idea which revolutionised the world of drainage! The inventor of the first mechanical plough to install drainage pipes had become interested in the continuously extruded plastic conduit by FRÄNKISCHE, which was well-known even then – the yellow FF-Drän pipe was born.
The first continuously extruded corrugated and flexible drainage pipe made of PVC-U was a pioneering product by FRÄNKISCHE which redefined the state of the art.
This was the start of an unprecedented success which formed the basis for other innovations. When talking about the "drainage pipe", one inevitably thinks of the "yellow pipe".
In addition to the coil design, particularly the flexibility of the pipe is an exceptional product feature which allowed the breakthrough in installation. With this flexible and slit plastic pipe, FRÄNKISCHE initiated a fundamental change in drainage technology and created the prerequisites for continuous and above all efficient drainage pipe installation.