Basics Stormwater treatment
Reliability and protection of water bodies
Collected stormwater can be polluted with different materials, e. g. coarse dirt, mud and light liquids from road traffic or industrial facilities. These materials can cause malfunctions of stormwater management systems such as infiltration swales. In addition, they can pose a threat to downstream water bodies or the groundwater. The basis for selecting a treatment system appropriate under the German Water Act is DWA-A 102-2/BWK-A 3-2 for the discharge into surface waterbodies, and DWA-M 153 for the infiltration into the groundwater.
Conventional systems are often open concrete stormwater sedimentation tanks according to DWA-A 166. They require a lot of space and a considerable excavation depth. FRÄNKISCHE provides a comprehensive range of alternatives. SediPipe replaces e. g. stormwater sedimentation tanks and provides great advantages for construction and later land use thanks to its low excavation depth. The system does not consume any surface space. The land can be used for car parks or roads and tracks.
Distribution structures: Compact, Modular, Flexible, Unlimited applications
Shaft and pipe system for multi-systems for stormwater treatment
Special demands, complex local conditions and confined space require professional, efficient and adaptable systems for the treatment of polluted stormwater for small to very large collection areas. With the plastic distribution structures, we offer flexible, modular and pre-assembled solutions with perfectly matched components.
Learn more: Distribution structures
Standards and Guidelines
In Europe and Germany, the proper handling of water is regulated by standards and guidelines. Below is a summary of the most important standards and guidelines:
EU regulatory framework
With the EU Water Framework Directive, the EU member states have created common ground in comprehensive water protection. This also considers water collection areas that cross state lines. The general aim is to achieve and maintain a "good water status" for all surface water bodies and groundwater bodies by 2015. The member states independently have implemented their respectively defined objectives of the water framework directive in their regulations.
Implementation in Germany
The German Federal Water Act (Wasserhaushaltsgesetz, WHG) was adapted and brought into effect in March 2010 as amended. In the case of resettlement, the accumulating stormwater must be returned to the local natural water cycle. In addition, the best available technologies must be used for technical solutions in accordance with the cost-benefit ratio. Based on the Federal Water Act, also individual state laws implemented the guidelines of the EU Water Framework Directive.
Planning guidelines in Germany
DWA A 138 worksheet
General directive for "Planning, Construction and Operation of Facilities for the Percolation of Precipitation Water" („Planung, Bau und Betrieb von Anlagen zur Versickerung von Niederschlagswasser") . The directive describes all kinds of occurring stormwater and all possibilities for a professional infiltration with respect to the respective pollution potentials. The goal is to achieve sustainable stormwater management by taking soil and water protection considerations into account.
DWA M 153 bulletin
Provides “Recommendations for handling stormwater”. The bulletin recommends different types of stormwater pre-treatment prior to its infiltration. Please note: Following the introduction of DWA-A 102, DWA-M 153 now applies to infiltration into the groundwater only!
DWA series of worksheets DWA-A 102/BWK-A 3
Describes the “Principles of management and treatment of stormwater runoff for the discharge into surface waterbodies”. It recommends different types of stormwater pre-treatment prior to its discharge into surface waterbodies.
Please note: It applies to the discharge into surface waterbodies only, not to infiltration into the groundwater!
DWA A 117 worksheet
For "Dimensioning Stormwater Holding Facilities" („Bemessung von Regenrückhalteräumen") .
DIN 1989 part 1-3
Regulation of requirements for rainwater harvesting systems. Country-specific regulations on the handling of stormwater must be complied with in general.